480-400 BCE – Early and High Classical Periods

Apollo, from the west pediment of the Temple of Zeus, Olympia, Greece, ca. 470-456 BCE.  Marble, restored height 10′ 8″.  Archaeological Museum, Olympia.

Athena, Herakles, and Atlas with the apples of the Hesperides, metope from the Temple of Zeus, Olympia, Greece, ca. 470-456 BCE.  Marble, 5′ 3″ high.  Archaeological Museum, Olympia.

Kritios Boy, from the Acropolis, Athens, Greece, ca. 480 BCE.  Marble, 2′ 10″ high.  Acropolis Museum, Athens.

Warrior, from the sea off Riace, Italy, ca. 460-450 BCE.  Bronze, 6′ 6″ high.  Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Reggio Calabria.

Charioteer, from a group dedicated by Polyzalos of Gela in the Sanctuary of Apollo, Delphi, Greece, ca. 470 BCE.  Bronze, 5′ 11″ high.  Archaeological Museum, Delphi.

Zeus (or Poseidon?), from the sea off Cape Artemision, Greece, ca. 460-450 BCE.  Bronze, 6′ 10″ high.  National Archaeological Museum, Athens.

MYRON, Diskobolos (Discus Thrower).  Roman copy of a bronze statue of ca. 450 BCE.  Marble, 5′ 1″ high.  Museo Nazionale Romano-Palazzo Massimo alle Terme.

POLYKLEITOS, Doryphoros (Spear Bearer).  Roman copy from the palaestra, Pompeii, Italy, of a bronze statue of ca. 450-440 BCE.  Marble, 6′ 11″ high.  Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Naples.

Aerial view of the Acropolis (looking southwest), Athens, Greece.

IKTINOS and KALLIKRATES, Parthenon (Temple of Athena Parthenos; looking southeast), Acropolis, Athens, Greece, 447-438 BCE.

IKTINOS and KALLIKRATES, east facade of the Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens, Greece, 447-438 BCE.

PHIDIAS, Athena Parthenos, in the cella of the Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens, Greece, ca. 438 BCE.  Model of the lost chryselephantine statue.  Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto.

Caryatids of the south porch of the Erechtheion, Acropolis, Athens, Greece, ca. 421-405 BCE.  Marble, 7′ 7″ high.

Nike adjusting her sandal, from the south side of the parapet of the Temple Athena Nike, Acropolis, Athens, Greece, ca. 410 BCE.  Marble, 3′ 6″ high.  Acropolis Museum, Athens.

PHALE PAINTER, Hermes bringing the infant Dionysus to Papposilenos (Athenian white-ground calyx krater), from Vulci, Italy, ca. 440-435 BCE.  1′ 2″ high.  Musei Vaticani, Rome.

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